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What’s a REPRESENTATIVE Democracy?


Image result for australian parliament



I understand why representation is a feature of Australia’s federal parliamentary system.




We say that Australia is a democratic society; what does this mean?

Briefly discuss and write class responses on poster paper or the board.



The word ‘democracy’ comes from two Greek words: demos meaning ‘the people’ and kratos meaning ‘power’. Effectively, the word ‘democracy’ means ‘people power’ – the right of the people of a nation to make decisions about how they are governed.

Application 1:

Scenario 1

Ask the class where they would like to go for a class excursion. Say that, as a class, they have to choose just one destination/venue. (Direct democracy). Observe students making the decision and record the time taken by class to make the decision.

Scenario 2

Divide the class into groups of 4-5 students and present them with the following scenario.

You are all friends and have been to the movies together. You are now hungry and need to agree on a place to eat. Where will you go? Instruct one student in each group to time how long it takes for their group to come up with a decision.

Draw the class together and record each group’s answers and the time they took to give it.

Compare group times and class times in decision-making. Facilitate a brief discussion about the ease of making a decision.

Is it easier with more or less people?

What are the respective advantages and disadvantages of making decisions in small groups versus making decisions in a larger group like a class? 

Explain that Australia is a country of over 24 million people and around 7,686,830 square kilometres.

Have students go back to original groups of 4 or 5. Explain now each small group will decide where they would like to go on a second class excursion. They are to then select a representative who will meet with the other group’s representatives to discuss the issue and make a decision for the whole class. (Representative Democracy)

Observe student representatives making the decision and record the time taken by class to make the decision.



Democracies are sometimes divided into direct and indirect (also known as representative democracy). The latter are the most common.

In indirect, or representative democracy, citizens elect representatives to make laws on their behalf. This is what most modern countries have today.

Australia is a representative democracy, meaning that we choose representatives to make decisions on our behalf, similar to a SRC.


Application 2:

Task 1: Ask students to either work in pairs or small groups to critically evaluate the benefits/disadvantages of all Australians making decisions (Direct Democracy) using a PMI or SWOT analysis to assist them.

Draw class together and discuss each group or pair responses-take notes

Task 2: Ask students to either work in pairs or small groups to critically evaluate the benefits/disadvantages of all representatives making decisions (Indirect democratic representation) using a PMI or SWOT analysis to assist them.

Draw class together and discuss each group or pair responses-take notes


Ask students when they think it is appropriate to use direct representation and indirect representation.

Ask them to provide examples.


Record responses on large poster paper and in INBs



Federal Parliament represents, and makes laws that affect, all Australians. Federal Parliament has two houses:

The House of Representatives and the Senate.


House of Representatives:

Each member in the House of Representatives represents roughly an equal number of voters. Therefore Australia is divided into electorates.

Why are these ‘electorates’ different sizes?

These boundaries sometimes change-why?


The Senate:

The original States at the time of Federation were guaranteed the same number of Senate representatives. This gave each State equal representation in the Senate. This was to encourage the smaller States to join the Federation in 1901. This equality in representation is enshrined in the Australian Constitution.

Originally each State had six Senate representatives, but, because of the growth in Australia’s population, this number has now expanded to twelve. This increase in Senate representation is also determined by the Constitution in what is called the nexus – the number of Senate members must be approximately half the number of the total number of members in the House of Representatives. The two Territories do not have the same number of Senators (only 2 each) because they are not ‘original states’.


Goal Reflection:

…What does ‘representative democracy’ mean?

…What are the advantages of representative democracy?

…Are there disadvantages to representative democracy?

….Why do you think Australia chose representative democracy as its system of government?

Homework – who is my local representative?

3 Levels of Lawmaking



I  can describe the function of the three levels of government in Australia



List how many different people, beyond your family and teachers, make decisions that affect you. Also record the types of decisions

New Information:

Three Levels of Government-video of yesterday’s reading


Brainstorm in small groups: ‘What services are needed to run a country?’ Discuss the answers with the whole class. As a class, watch the video ‘Three Levels of Government’.



Create this:

scroll down and watch the video

using information you already have as well as using the following resources:

Three Levels of Government Interactive

Levels of Government: 31/05/2016, Behind the News

3 levels of gvt worksheet 1

3 levels of gvt worksheet 2

3 levels of gvt worksheet 3


Finding Facts & Details


Goal: I can identify important facts and details in an information text


Write the main idea of a television program you watched in the past few days.

Write 3 important things that happened in  the TV show.


  • You can find the facts and details in a reading passage by thinking about the main idea.
  • You may be able to find the main idea in the title, the first line, the last line, or by drawing together what you know about the whole text
  • Once you know the main idea, you can find the details that tell more about the main idea.
  • Look for sentences that provide information about the main idea and tell the who, what, when, where, why and how..about the main idea
  • The main idea is BROAD, while the details are SPECIFIC


use the graphic organiser to identify the important details in this text

Graphic Organiser-

Goal Reflection:

Turn and talk – do the facts and details you came up with match your partner? What is the same/different?

Write a reflection showing  what you discovered.



Using apostrophes can be quite tricky. They are used for possession and abbreviation, but there are a bunch of rules and exceptions.

Choose one of these 2 slideshows to follow to consolidate your understanding of apostrophes.

  1. This Powerpoint gives a good outline & explanation of rules, and activities to practise. Year 6s will have seen this presentation last year, but may choose to do it again if they a bit unsure of the rules and would like revision.      When to use an Apostrophe   Download and open the PowerPoint- choose a partner to work with
  2. This website is a great resource to learn and practise. It offers more complex investigation. Most of the slides have activities embedded in them so don’t just click ‘next’ after reding a slid- see if there’s something to click on. If you’re unsyre of answers, there’s also a ‘hint’ button at the top. This requires Flash which you may have to ‘allow’ on Chrome, or else, open it in Internet Explorer browser-choose a partner to work with.



What is the Australian system of government?


Building Blocks of Australia’s Government

Click on the links to help you answer the questions

Take notes to answer the questions , and on any other aspects of Australia’s government you find interesting.

What does ‘system of government’ mean?-make your own definition

What is democracy?– go to the “Freedom to Choose ” activity

What is Australia’s 2 systems of government?

What other countries influenced Australia’s system of government?






In your own words describe what are the key aspects of Australia’s system of government? Frame it as a message to your parents.

Record what questions you still have about Australia’s system of government.



Each week our homework will be placed in the homework page.

Click on the link to the homework page on the pages list on the right of this post

Homework term 1 2018

SRC speech


All students are required to write and present a speech explaining why they should be the class SRC rep. This is due on Monday 26th of February and will be spoken in front of the class.

When you write it, take into account what our class shared as important qualities in an SRC representative.

One of last year’s SRC reps in 5/6C was Brynn.

You might want to check out this link to her speech from last year to help shape your speech:

My SRC application.


Example vs. Definition


When we want to explain something new we can help people understand it in two ways.

We can offer an EXAMPLE or a DEFINITION



EXAMPLES-are usually the easiest to come up with. They tell us one of the different types. An example is one real-world type of the overall group. It helps us see one variety of the new thing, and how it is in the real world.


Sometimes dictionaries offer examples of how words are used after they have given the definition.

An EXAMPLE of a joke would be “What is brown and sticky?-A stick!”



DEFINITIONS– are usually a bit harder to come up with. They tell us exactly what the new thing is. It tells us all the varieties in one overall sentence. Dictionaries always give definitions of words. Sometimes when we see or hear a definition, we are not always sure what the different types of it are in the real world. That’s when we need an example.

Where possible you should not use the term itself within its definition.

A DEFINITION of a joke would be “A funny thing that is shared to make people laugh”



Choose one of these words and give a definition for it and an example:

(if you are having trouble, you could use a dictionary to help you)


animal; transport; game; building; fruit; machine




Welcome 5-6C for 2018!


Welcome to our class’ blog for 2018. Here we will share and celebrate our learning as well as sharing information about upcoming events and other things we need to know about being a part of 5/6C. There will be links to educational websites as well as links to other classroom blogs and a link to your personal blogs and email.


Our blogs offer us a chance to communicate with the whole world about our learning. Please leave comments and ask questions…but remember to keep your comments appropriate, constructive and related to our learning.


I’ve written you a letter introducing myself- I’d love you to read it and write me a letter in response.



Hi kids,


I’m Ant and have been teaching for 13 years- the whole time at our wonderful school, so chances are you may know a bit about me already. I adore reading, listening to music, and dancing. My favourite musicians are probably Bjork, or Nick Cave, although I’m forever learning about new music I love. This summer I was excited to get to see one of my favourite bands The XX at the beautiful Sydney Myer Music Bowl. It was a wonderful night I’ll never forget.


I have two gorgeous kids, Astrid and Amon. This year Astrid is beginning her VCE year 11 at Fitzroy High School. She adores music as well and is an amazing artist. Amon is starting year 8 at Fitzroy High. He loves soccer more than life itself, and hopes to be a You-tuber one day.


My wonderful partner Sharon is a creative arts counsellor at the Australian Childhood Foundation. So she works with kids like I do. She uses art activities to help kids manage and understand when things are hard for them. She uses a lot of the understanding and knowledge about mindfulness and brain-science we have been learning at MPPS over the last couple of years.


My mum died a few years ago (I still miss her terribly) and my dad lives in China so I don’t get to see him as much as I’d like. My older brother Stuart is a professor of Philosophy in New Zealand and last year my younger brother Greg became a judge in Hong Kong. He makes decisions about the refugees who are hoping to move there. I’m very close to my brothers and very proud of them!


In a couple of weeks, I’m off to New Zealand to see my brothers. It’s Stuart’s 50th birthday this year and he wants to celebrate by going on an amazing trek through a part of the South Island of new Zealand-the Routeburn Track: .

It is an awe-inspiringly beautiful part of the world and I am very excited to be going. I will make sure I post some pictures of the hike here on the blog.


These holidays I had a very relaxing break. At the end of last year, my family had to move house unexpectedly which made us all very stressed, so it was great to have some time to settle into our new home and unpack and relax. We made the most of the sunny weather by visiting some of our favourite beaches. We went to Cape Conran in far eastern Victoria, Skene’s Creek on the Great Ocean Road, Tidal River at Wilson’s Promontory, and my favourite beach of all time, Smith’s Beach at Phillip Island. It has great surf for boogie-boarding, and the most amazing rock pools I’ve ever seen. I LOOOOVE the beach!


One interesting thing you may not know about me is that I have a metal rod inside my leg. Disappointingly, it doesn’t make the metal detector beep when I walk through the metal detector at the airport, but you can feel the bolts going into my knee and ankle-pretty gross! I’ve got this because when I was training to be a teacher in New Zealand, I had a dreadful accident where I was hit by a car. It happened because I wasn’t careful enough, so the metal rod is a constant reminder to always be careful, and also of how lucky I am!


I love teaching because I love being constantly amazed by how kids learn and the things they notice and love that I hadn’t noticed. Everyday your optimism and enthusiasm energises and inspires me. Most of all I feel proud to be a part of the lives of so many wonderful people! Two things I think are incredibly important to learning are asking questions and making mistakes. I love asking questions…and I make a lot of mistakes… but that’s when I learn the most! I’m very much looking forward to this year-getting to know so many gorgeous kids. I’m also REEEALY looking forward to our Canberra camp later this year – it is such an interesting place.



So now, what about you? I want to find out more about you. What are your favourite things? What’s your family like? Have you done something that you’d like to share? What did you do in your holidays? What do you hope to do in the future? Write an entry onto your blog- show it to a family member and make sure you review it to fix mistakes before you publish it. If you were in my class last year and told me all about these things then, try to tell me some things I might not know- how have you changed or grown in the last year? I can’t wait to read about you!


From Ant


Getting to know each other


Post a comment down below with 5 things about you…..we have to guess who you are….don’t make it too easy or too hard….

  • Make sure you AREN’T logged on (normally when you comment you should ALWAYS log on- your comments will be deleted by the teacher otherwise)
  • Fill in the name with a name that won’t give away who you are (e.g. ‘someone123’)
  • Put in an email address-either one you own or ‘someone’
  • DON’T put in a website
  • Write a comment that says 5 things about you that are real.
  • Fill in the antispam word
  • Submit comment
  • Now login (if you don’t remember your login, you may ask Ant to login for you
  • Keep refreshing your page and the comments will start appearing- as they do, write a list and see if you can guess who each person is
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Word of the day

Word of the Day


Definition: A rude expression intended to offend or hurt.
Synonyms: insult,

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